Early Years 1 Mathematics

In the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP), mathematics is also viewed as a vehicle to support inquiry, providing a global language through which we make sense of the world around us. It is intended that students become competent users of the language of mathematics, and can begin to use it as a way of thinking, as opposed to seeing it as a series of facts and equations to be memorized. The aim of our Mathematics programme is to develop students into confident mathematical thinkers, with a sound knowledge of number and the creativity to apply this knowledge to solve problems in many ways. 

Instruction and assessment of Mathematics is organised around 4 strands/skills:

  • Number
  • Pattern and Function
  • Data Handling
  • Measurement
  • Shape and Space

What will students will be working on this year?

Number (Phase 1)

  • count to determine the number of objects in a set
  • use number words and numerals to represent quantities in real-life situations
  • understand one-to-one correspondence
  • understand that, for a set of objects, the number name of the last object counted describes the quantity of the whole set 

Pattern and Function (Phase 1)

  • understand that patterns can be found in everyday situations, for example, sounds, actions, objects, nature.
  • extend and create patterns.
  • describe patterns in various ways, for example, using words, drawings, symbols, materials, actions, numbers.

Data Handling (Phase 1)

  • sort and label real objects by attributes.
  • describe real objects and events by attributes.
  • create pictographs and tally marks
  • create living graphs using real objects and people

Measurement (Phase 1)

  • identify, compare and describe attributes of real objects, for example, longer, shorter, heavier, empty, full, hotter, colder
  • describe observations about events and objects in real-life situation
  • understand that events in daily routines can be described and sequenced, for example, before, after, bedtime, storytime, today, tomorrow.

Shape and Space (Phase 1)

  • understand that 2D and 3D shapes have characteristics that can be described and compared