Early Years 2 Mathematics

In the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP), mathematics is also viewed as a vehicle to support inquiry, providing a global language through which we make sense of the world around us. It is intended that students become competent users of the language of mathematics, and can begin to use it as a way of thinking, as opposed to seeing it as a series of facts and equations to be memorized. The aim of our Mathematics programme is to develop students into confident mathematical thinkers, with a sound knowledge of number and the creativity to apply this knowledge to solve problems in many ways. 

Instruction and assessment of Mathematics is organised around 4 strands/skills:

  • Number
  • Pattern and Function
  • Data Handling
  • Measurement
  • Shape and Space

What will students will be working on this year?

Number (Phase 1)

  • understand one-to-one correspondence
  • understand that, for a set of objects, the number name of the last object counted describes the quantity of the whole set
  • connect number names and numerals to the quantities they represent.
  • count to determine the number of objects in a set
  • use the language of mathematics to compare quantities in real-life situations, for example, more, less, first, second
  • use number words and numerals to represent quantities in real-life situations
  • understand that numbers can be constructed in multiple ways, for example, by combining and partitioning

Pattern and Function (Phase 1)

  • understand that patterns can be found in everyday situations, for example, sounds, actions, objects, nature.
  • extend and create patterns.
  • describe patterns in various ways, for example, using words, drawings, symbols, materials, actions, numbers.

Data Handling (Phase 1)

  • sort and label real objects by attributes.
  • describe real objects and events by attributes.
  • create pictographs and tally marks
  • create living graphs using real objects and people
  • understand that sets can be organized by different attributes
  • understand that information about themselves and their surroundings can be obtained in different ways
  • describe real objects and events by attributes.
  • discuss chance in daily events (impossible, maybe, certain).
  • represent information through pictographs and tally marks

Measurement (Phase 1)

  • identify, compare and describe attributes of real objects, for example, longer, shorter, heavier, empty, full, hotter, colder
  • describe observations about events and objects in real-life situation
  • understand that events in daily routines can be described and sequenced, for example, before, after, bedtime, storytime, today, tomorrow.
  • compare the length, mass and capacity of objects using non- standard units

Shape and Space (Phase 1)

  • understand that 2D and 3D shapes have characteristics that can be described and compared
  • sort, describe and compare
  • describe position and direction, for example, inside, outside, above, below, next to, behind, in front of, up, down.
  • explore and describe the paths, regions and boundaries of their immediate environment (inside, outside, above, below) and their position (next to, behind, in front of, up, down).